Persistent identifiers

Persistent identifiers (ISBN, DOI, ORCID, etc.)

Persistent identifiers (PIDs) are long-lasting references to digital objects of various types. An identifier is generally any label used to name an object uniquely.

Types of persistent identifiers

Publications, data and software
ORCiD, arXiv Author Identifiers, ResearcherID, etc.

How to get persistent identifiers

Digital Object Identifier
Open Researcher and Contributor ID
International Standard Book Number or International Standard Serial Number